Why do learners at John Gulson Primary School need to study Physical Education?

At John Gulson Primary School we believe that Physical Education (PE), experienced in a safe and supportive environment, is essential to ensure children attain optimum physical and emotional development and good health. We intend to deliver high-quality teaching and learning opportunities that inspire all children to succeed in physical education and in developing life skills. Children will be willing to practise skills in a range of different activities and situations, alone, in small groups and in teams, and to apply these skills in chosen activities to achieve exceptionally high levels of performance. We want to teach children skills to keep them safe such as being able to swim. It is important for children to be able to swim at least 25 metres by the end of year 6 especially when there are sources of open water within our local school area. We also want to teach children how to cooperate and collaborate with others as part of an effective team, understanding fairness and equity of play to embed life-long values. Our PE curriculum aims to improve the wellbeing and fitness of all children at John Gulson Primary school, not only through the sporting skills taught, but through the underpinning values and disciplines PE promotes. We want our children to have a keen interest in PE – a willingness to participate eagerly in every lesson, highly positive attitudes, and the ability to make informed choices about engaging fully in extra-curricular sport.


What are the aims for the Physical Education curriculum? What do we want our children to know and do by the time they leave John Gulson Primary School?

The John Gulson key drivers underpin our aims for the teaching of PE:

  • Communication – Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing
  • Competence – Numeracy, literacy, and technology; wider subjects
  • Community –  Diversity, Inclusion, First Hand Experience.

Central to our aim is to develop children’s communication skills and vocabulary, so that they are able to maximise their learning potential in PE, now and in the future.

We want to develop independent thinking skills in learners, giving them the ability to apply their knowledge and skills in PE across the curriculum. We encourage discovery, collaboration and reflection, based on first-hand experiences.

Throughout their PE journey in school children will be able to express themselves both physically and emotionally with constantly honing in on their social skills too, at the same time developing a more rigorous understanding of PE and how it fits into our school ethos. The children will produce creative work, showcasing it in front of their peers. Through the course of PE lessons moving through John Gulson children will learn to work together collaboratively, they will develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities, children will be physically active for sustained periods of time during their PE sessions, they will engage in competitive sports and activities and all this should help them to lead a more healthy active lifestyle. Through all of this, children will learn how to peer assess and evaluate their work using the technical knowledge and relevant vocabulary they have been taught.


National Curriculum

At John Gulson Primary school, we believe that the National Curriculum (2014) enables our children to embark on a journey as athletes which will educate, engage, inspire and challenge them, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to practise, develop and apply the skills that they learn.

The national curriculum for PE aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities,
  • Are physically active for sustained periods of time,
  • Engage in competitive sports and activities,
  • Lead healthy, active lives.


Attainment Targets

By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply, and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programmes of study from the National Curriculum.


Which values underpin the Physical Education provision at John Gulson?

Our school values and principles underpin PE at John Gulson: We

  • Put the child at the centre
  • Develop the whole child
  • Build on strengths and promote resilience
  • Promote opportunity, value diversity and celebrate difference
  • Work in partnership with families
  • Co-ordinate timely and appropriate support.


How are British Values taught through Physical Education?

Our high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically demanding activities. It provides opportunities for our pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.

Furthermore, the following Olympic and Paralympic values are promoted through PE and School Sport:

  • Friendship,
  • Courage,
  • Inspiration,
  • Determination,
  • Equality,
  • Respect,
  • Excellence.

Overall, our broad and balanced PE curriculum develops a range of life skills and values. Our whole school approach to PE and School Sport successfully promotes fundamental British values along with the support of our Governors, Parents, Head teachers and senior leadership teams, PE subject leaders and pupils.


Which links can be made within the Physical Education curriculum?

Our PE curriculum is broad and balanced and will guide all students to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to maintain and improve health-related fitness as part of their commitment to lifelong healthy lifestyles. They will become educated with the relevant information and experiences to be physically active outside school and throughout life.

High quality physical education fosters the physical, moral, social, emotional, cultural and intellectual development of pupils. It improves psychological health and supports cognitive and academic performances. Our main focus in our curriculum is to develop skills, nurturing the fundamental and advanced skills to competently perform in a broad spectrum of sporting activities. The learning of the theoretical understanding of PE and sport is key to improve effective performance outcomes and increase students’ understanding of the positive benefits of exercise.

Each activity area has been carefully selected to explore a multitude of holistic learning opportunities and ensure that we immerse students into a comprehensive diet of physical activities and sport, in the hope that we engage, excite and excel our students within the subject and for them to develop a lifelong commitment to participating in sport and exercise.

Each activity taught in our PE curriculum embeds key skills that the students learn and develop. These skills include communication, resilience, problem solving and leadership all these skills should set our students in good stead for the rest of their lives and future careers. PE skills can be transferred to jobs such as: Sports Coaching, Fitness Instructor, PE Teacher, Physiotherapist, Occupational Therapist, Personal Trainer, Athlete, Sports Scientist, Professional Sports Coach, Professional Referee/Umpire.


Why has the specific knowledge been selected?

The PE curriculum at John Gulson has been selected to follow the programme of study in the National Curriculum and links to a cross-curricular approach to learning, this helps our children to know and remember more. The aims of our PE curriculum are to develop pupils who:

  • Are willing to practise skills in a range of different activities and situations, alone, in small groups and in teams and to apply these skills in chosen activities to achieve exceptionally high levels or performance;
  • Have and maintain high levels of physical fitness;
  • Lead a healthy lifestyle which is achieved by eating sensibly, being aware of the dangers of an unhealthy lifestyle and not exercising regularly;
  • Are able to remain physically active for sustained periods of time and have an understanding of the importance of this in promoting long-term health and well-being;
  • Take the initiative and become excellent young leaders, organising and officiating and evaluating what needs to be done to improve and motivating and instilling excellent sporting attitudes in others;
  • Employ imagination and creativity in their techniques, tactics and choreography;
  • Are able to improve their own and others’ performance;
  • Can work independently for extended periods of time without the need for guidance or support;
  • Have a keen interest in PE – a willingness to participate eagerly in every lesson, highly positive attitudes and the ability to make informed choices about engaging fully in extracurricular sport;
  • Can swim at least 25 metres before the end of year 6 and know how to reman safe in and around water.


How are the Physical Education lessons delivered at John Gulson?

The PE curriculum at John Gulson is taught through the progression of skills and knowledge. Each unit of work links into the National Curriculum subject content. Children enjoy two lessons of PE each week that are carried out either within 2 of our halls, outside on the playgrounds or using our playing field situated over the road from school. Our PE lessons consist of a ‘warming up’ period at the beginning of the lesson, a ‘main teach’ where children will learn a technique or skill and a ‘cooling down’ session at the end of the lesson. Where possible cross-curricular links are embedded in our PE lessons to areas such as English and maths. Children are given time to be reflective, evaluate peers work and look at skills of other classmates that can be shared with the class. We encourage all our children to take risks, experiment and reflect on why some ideas and techniques are successful or not. There is an opportunity in each PE lesson for key vocabulary to be shared.


What is the impact?

We help motivate children to participate in a variety of sports through quality teaching that is engaging and fun. From our lessons, our children learn to take responsibility for their own health and fitness, many of whom also enjoy the success of competitive sports. We equip our children with the necessary skills and a love for sport. They will hopefully grow up to live happy and healthy lives utilising the skills and knowledge acquired through PE.


What are the aims/end points of specific stages of the curriculum?

Key Stage 1

Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
  • participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
  • perform dances using simple movement patterns

Key Stage 2

Pupils should continue to apply and develop a broader range of skills, learning how to use them in different ways and to link them to make actions and sequences of movement. They should enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They should develop an understanding of how to improve in different physical activities and sports and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • use running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination
  • play competitive games, modified where appropriate [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
  • develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics]
  • perform dances using a range of movement patterns
  • take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team
  • compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best


Swimming and water safety

All schools must provide swimming instruction either in key stage 1 or key stage 2.

In particular, pupils should be taught to:

  • swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
  • use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]
  • perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations

Please See the KEY SKILLS DOcument from the list below:


PE Progression Of Key Skills JG