CURRICULUM PURPOSE: WHY STUDY ART AND DESIGN?

Why do learners at John Gulson Primary School need to study Art and Design?

At John Gulson Primary School, we believe that art lessons will engage, inspire and challenge all children to think creatively and develop artistic understanding. The children will learn to develop and express their individual interests, thoughts and ideas alongside building confidence and critical-thinking skills. They will be able to express their emotions and learn how art can be used to express their feelings in many ways. By studying Art our children gain the knowledge and skills needed to experiment, invent and create their own works of art. They know that Art and Design is reflected in our history and contributes to the culture and creativity around us. Within Art and Design lessons the children will have access to a wide range of high-quality materials. This will enable the children to learn how to use and experiment creatively with different media.

What are the aims for the Art and Design curriculum? What do we want our children to know and do by the time they leave John Gulson Primary School?

Our aim is to engage, inspire and challenge children, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. Throughout their Art journey in school they will be able to think critically and develop a more rigorous understanding of art and design. The children will produce creative work and recording their experiences in sketch books. They will develop skills in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, techniques. They will learn how to use colour pattern, texture, line, shape form and space and they will study a range of artists in great detail. The children will learn how to peer assess and evaluate their work using the technical knowledge and relevant vocabulary they have been taught.

 

National Curriculum

At John Gulson Primary, we believe that the national curriculum enables our children to be embark on an artist journey where it will educate, engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design.

The national curriculum for art and design aims to ensure that all pupils:

-Produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences
-Become proficient in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, craft and design techniques
-Evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art, craft and design
-Know about great artists, craft makers and designers, and understand the historical and cultural development of their art forms.

By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the programme of study.

 

Which values underpin the Art and Design provision at John Gulson?

Perseverance: To conquer the art of perseverance, the children hold on to their focus. We always keep our focus on what matters the most and not give up until we reach our goal and final piece of artwork.

Aspirational: Through the teaching and learning of Art and Design, we aim to inspire our children, allowing them to express their creativity and learn more about the Arts. As a result, we hope that children will have high aspirations and seek to always improve and learn.

How are British Values taught through Art and Design?

At John Gulson Primary, the Art and Design curriculum delivers British Values by creating pleasure and interest in the arts in the world. It encourages collaborative work, respect for each other and responsible behaviour. It may also include team work to produce or research artists, sculptors or designers. Within Art and Design children will often have opportunities to work responsibly, managing their time and tasks as well as sharing resources. Children are encouraged to support each other positively and respectfully and to peer assess and evaluate. This demonstrates respect and tolerance for each other and each other’s work, sharing their ideas and opinions respectfully. Children are able to develop their self-esteem, self-knowledge and self-confidence to design and produce their artwork based on a variety of themes. We learn how to respect different cultures and styles within art and encourage questioning to consolidate understanding of controversial or sensitive issues. Our children show respect to visitors and are encouraged to participate enthusiastically to activities.

Which links to careers can be made within the Art and Design curriculum?

Concept artist, Art Director, Artist Illustrator, Art journalist , Jewellery Designer, Sculptor, Museum director, Art gallery Curator, fine artist, Art Teacher, Art Therapist, Sign writer, Art Valuer/Auctioneer, Blacksmith, illustrator, tattooist, Picture framer animator/Cartoonist/Character Artist/Multimedia Artist, Glass designer, Technical illustrator, Florist.

CURRICULUM RATIONALE: WHY STUDY ART AND DESIGN IN THIS WAY?

Why has the specific knowledge been selected?

At John Gulson Primary, Art and Design is taught under the umbrella of a cross-curricular curriculum using ‘Kapow’. Our themes are linked cross-curricular which helps our children to know and remember more. All children learn about focus artists and each year they will increase their knowledge and understanding about each artist. They will then be able to make links between pieces of art work, artistic styles and different artists. Children are then given the opportunity to use this to influence their own piece of art. We chose artists that are iconic but that also have something to offer the children in terms of subject and technique. Children will gain a secure understanding and knowledge of stylistic elements technical vocabulary, which help to frame their ideas and observations and appreciate these in art they see.

The essential knowledge elements within our Art and Design curriculum are colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space. These elements can be used when creating art but also when learning about the different aspects of art and artists. The children will learn about an artist that creates or uses a particular style or technique, they will then be given the opportunity to use that technique in their own work.

How are the Art and Design lessons delivered at John Gulson?

The Art and Design curriculum at John Gulson Primary is taught through the progression of skills and knowledge. It is taught on alternating half-terms, on a weekly basis, by teachers in years 1-6. Art and Design techniques are taught using a range of media and materials and where possible, creative ideas for our art work link to other curriculum areas such as SMSC, History or Geography. Children learn the skills of drawing, painting, printing, collage, textiles, 3D work and digital art and are given opportunities to explore and evaluate different creative ideas.
The children will also learn about focus artists and any other artists throughout their art journey that link to the theme or skill they are learning about. The children will be asked questions at the beginning and end of each lesson and unit to check they are knowing and remembering more. In Art lessons the children are given the opportunity to be reflective and evaluate their work, thinking about how they can make changes and keep improving all the time. We encourage the children to take risks, experiment and reflect on why some ideas and techniques are successful or not.

What is the impact?

The impact of our Art and Design curriculum can be seen not only in our children’s sketch books but also through classroom displays, our art and design studio and the school environment. Our children are given a broad range of ways to express themselves in art. Learning new skills and using new equipment and resources excites and engages our children. The children are able to use art to help them express their feelings and be unique. Using a cross-curricular approach gives the children the knowledge and understanding of the topic as a whole which can be seen through other subjects such as SMSC, ICT, History, Geography or Science.

What are the aims/end points of specific stages of the curriculum?

Key stage 1

Pupils should be taught:

  • to use a range of materials creatively to design and make products
  • to use drawing, painting and sculpture to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination
  • to develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
  • about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and making links to their own work.

Key stage 2

Pupils should be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.

Pupils should be taught:

  • to create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas
    to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials [for example, pencil, charcoal, paint, clay]
  • about great artists, architects and designers in history.